The sheet metal forming: its nature

Sheet metal forming uses drawing, rolling, bending etc.

This method of metal forming produces parts from flat, rolled-out metal as strips or sheets, which are prepared for further processing. The advantages of this method are both the high quantity and excellent quality results it produces, as well as the favorable product properties that come from the exercise of rolled out, semi-processed pieces. Sheet metal components are highly suited to lightweight constructions. Visit: Sheet Metal Forming Simulation

Different methods of sheet metal forming can be used depending on the geometry of the desired part. Based on the nature of each method, the forming engineer can choose between: Deep drawing, ironing, punching, bending, stamping, and a variety of other manufacturing methods. Due to the geometric complexity of the parts being manufactured, extra multistage forming that combines different processes is frequently required within a period of production. Thus, production is generally achieved by automated transfer or stage pressing, or by progressive tools. Incremental production methods, such as roll forming, manufacture tubular parts in a continuous method. More complex revolving parts can be produced by spinning or flow-forming processes.

Sheet metal forming: products and target industries

Today’s product range includes not only structural components, transmission parts, and mechanical components of all kinds. But also cosmetics, food packaging and containers, profiles, and pipes. Sheet metal forming is used in the: Automotive manufacturing.

Electrical engineering.

Packaging industry.

Home appliance industry and many others.

Trends and developments

A clear trend of product improvement is the increasing complexity and strength necessities of the components being produced. This trend alone has led to higher development costs for metal. Metal sheet forming has great potential for the manufacturing of lightweight components that were generally manufactured by forging in the past. This forming process may be combined to include, such as; Stamping and cross (lateral) flow development as well as functions for adding elements. Such as gear teeth or threaded sleeves in the sheet metal parts.

Typical challenges in sheet metal forming

In the design of sheet metal forming processes. The selection of suitable machine/tool concepts is just as essential as the technological feasibility and product qualities. With the help of sheet forming, the technological feasibility of the project at hand is evaluated using realistic predictions of the geometrical accuracy, behavior of cracking, cracking risk, and formability. The simulation results explain the product’s characteristics. Such as wall thickness distribution, edge curvature, and the hardness distribution due to cold working.

Sheet Metal Forming module support the simulation of forming parts from sheet-shaped primary resources. This module supports the manufacturing processes of pipes, structural element, and program housings, mechanical components, and many other products.

Take benefit of sheet metal forming processes:

Shorter development times with less trial runs.

  • Comprehensive method of understanding.
  • High process stability and quality.
  • Predictions of component properties.
  • Prediction of spring back and residual stresses.
  • Better machine use.
  • Best coordination of the individual process steps.
  • Less waste.
  • Avoid formation of defects and cracks.